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Periodontal Disease Treatment
Avoiding Periodontal Disease
An infection that causes bleeding gums, bad breath, loose teeth and teeth that fall out are serious infections affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth.
- Pink or Coral pink colors.
- A firm, Resistant tissue.
- Orange peel structure(known as stippling).
- A shape that follows the centaur of the teeth and forms scalloped edges.
- No area redness, swelling or inflammation.
- No bleeding during daily plaque removal.
- Gums are irritated & swollen
- No bone structure is lost around the teeth.
- Blood on the toothbrush or dental floss is one of the earliest & most common sign of gingivitis.
- Preventable and reversible through good brushing & flossing techniques.
- When the inflammation of gums progresses into deeper underlying structure and bone.
- Plaque is found below the gum DNA.
- Gums feel irritated, appear bright red, bleed easily.
- Ligaments holding the teeth in the socket, break down gums pull away from the teeth resulting in a periodontal pocket or space between the teeth & gum.
- The periodontal pockets deepen & fill with more bacteria, supportive ligaments and bone start to show damage.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
- Accumulation of plaque bacteria, the plaque is often a colorless mass of bacteria that sticks to teeth, Crowne, bridges, other tissues in the oral cavity are constantly forming on teeth. Plaque irritates the gums, causing them to become red, tender and swollen.
- If not removed daily, plaque becomes the hard material known as tartar calculus. Calculus cannot be removed by brushing and flossing done. It must be removed manually to stop the disease process.
- With time, the tissues that attach the gums to the teeth are destroyed by plaque and its by-product. The gums pull away from teeth, and pockets begin to form between teeth & gums. Plaque and calculus continue to fill these pockets until the jawbone supporting the teeth is eventually destroyed.
Other factors can modify how gums react to plaque or calculus, thereby altering body's response to disease and affecting overall health.
- Smoking/tobacco use
- Clenching or grinding of teeth
- Pregnancy or puberty
- Diet & nutrition
- Immunosuppression (e.g. AIDS)
Warning sign of Periodontal Disease
- Gums that bleed when you brush or floss your teeth.
- Gums that are bleed, swollen or tender.
- Gums that have pulled away from teeth.
- Infection including purulence (pus) between teeth and gums when the gums are pressed.
- Permanent teeth that are loose or separating.
- Any changes in the way teeth fit together when you bite.
- Any changes in the fit of the partial denture.
- Bad breath.
- Itchy sensation.
Treatment may involve
- Scaling and root planning: removal of plaque and calculus deposits on the tooth surfaces, while root planning is smoothing of root surfaces in order to promote reattachment of gum tissue is a tooth.
- Flap Surgery: access to the root of the tooth for removal of plaque, calculus, and diseased tissue.
- Guided tissue regeneration: involves the use of a biocompatible membrane material, often in combination with a bone graft, that promotes a growth of lost tissue and bone around tooth.
Tips for maintaining Periodontal Health.
- Brush your teeth three times a day.
- Floss your teeth at least once a day.
- Eat good, well-balanced meals.
- Avoid sticky, sugary snacks.
- Examine your mouth for signs of periodontal disease regularly.
- Visit your dentists for checkups & cleanings at least twice a year.